Proto Indo-European (PIE) Religion
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What Kind of Culture Did the Proto-Indo-Europeans Have?
I have already said that we can reconstruct much of their culture by comparing the descendant cultures. We can also use the language -- if they had a word for something, they must have had the thing. (Unfortunately, we cannot do this the other way round; we cannot assume they didn't have a thing just because we don't have a word for it. The word may simply not have survived in enough language branches to be reconstructed.) We know, for instance, that they had the wheel -- *kw(e)-kwl-o-. We know that they had houses with doors -- *dhwer-. Many other things about their culture can be reconstructed this way. (For a good summary, see the appendix by Calvert Watkins to the American Heritage Dictionary.)